Rules for the preparation for diagnostic studies

RECTOSCOPY AND COLONOSCOPE, IRRIGOSCOPY is done AFTER SPECIAL PREPARATION:

1. The traditional method (on the eve of the study, a light breakfast, lunch-only liquid (exclude cellulose), evening at 19.00 and 20.00, cleansing enemas of 1.5 - 2 liters of warm water.In the morning on the day of the study, 2 more enemas in volume of 1.5-2 liters.

2. An unconventional method (with the use of the macrogol, it is necessary 3 packs, each of which is dissolved in 1 liter of water (the total volume of 3 liters of solution.) On the eve of the study, a light breakfast, lunch- only liquid (to exclude cellulose), from 15.00 to 21.00 drink Macrogol within 6 hours of 0.5 cup every 15 minutes.) There is no need to put enemas, either in the evening or in the morning on the day of the study.


COMPUTER-TOMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH WITH CONTRAST

Before the study of the organs of the abdominal cavity, it is necessary to drink 1 liter of water 1.5 hours before the test. Take 0.5 liters of water with you.

HEMATOLOGICAL RESEARCHES

1. General blood analysis. Blood is taken on an empty stomach from a vein. After physiotherapy and X-ray exposure it is not recommended to donate blood for research.

2. Analyzes for blood coagulability, the duration of bleeding are taken from the finger.


BIOCHEMICAL STUDIES

Blood is taken on an empty stomach from a vein. 
Blood for uric acid. For 3 days before the study, exclude from the patient's diet coffee, chocolate. Fried meat, fish, cheeses, smoked products. 
Blood on glycosylated hemoglobin is taken in the morning on an empty stomach.
The blood on the LE cell is taken from the vein into a special test tube.
Determination of the parameters of the coagulation system.
PTI, MNO, APTTV - the blood is taken from the vein, into special test tubes.


URINE RESEARCH

In the morning, a full portion of the night urine is collected in a clean glassware. For women, a preliminary purification of the genital organs is necessary.
Urinalysis by Nechiporenko (determination of the number of elements in 1 ml of urine)
Freshly excreted night urine from the middle stream is delivered to the laboratory at the time of urination.
Determination of calcium in daily urine.
Daily urine is collected, its amount is measured. 50 ml of this amount is delivered to the laboratory. And the direction should indicate the amount of urine allocated per day.


FECES RESEARCH

1. General feces research.
Special preparation of the patient is not required. You can not deliver feces after enema, putting in candles, ingesting colorants, castor oil and v aseline oil.

2.A qualitative test for blood in stool.  

Special preparation of the patient is required: do not to remove meat, fish, eggs, all kinds of green vegetables, tomatoes from the diet of the patient for 3-4 days.

3. Study feces for the presence of protozoa.
The feces must be freshly prepared and warm. To investigate it is necessary not later than 15-20 minutes after defecation, since the vegetative forms of the protozoa quickly die in the external environment.